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The Site

In 1970, an international committee to manage the development of Lumbini was formed, and Prof. Kenzo Tange of Japan was assigned to create the Lumbini Master Plan. The master plan was approved by the UN and Government of Nepal in 1978. The Lumbini Development Trust was formed in 1985 to be in charge of the overall development and management of the Lumbini project.



The Lumbini Development Project is a large scale multinational construction project under the auspices and protection of the United Nations, with support of the Nepalese government, located at the United Nations' World Heritage Site at Lumbini, Nepal - the birthplace of the historical Buddha Shakyamuni.

The site of the Lumbini Development Project is a rectangle, oriented from South to North, covering 3 square miles. Its three areas, each one mile square, are connected by a central link, a 1.5 km long corridor canal flanked by two brick pedestrian walkways.

At the Southernmost area lies the Sacred Garden, a holy island encircled by a round lake which embraces and protects it. On the island are the Memorial Hall of Buddha’s Birthplace, Ashoka’s Pillar, the statue of the former temple of Mayadevi, and some historical artifacts of ancient Lumbini.

A sacred slate, the artifact most meaningful to the international Buddhist community, was uncovered three levels below the ruin of the sacred site, at the location of the former Temple of Mayadevi. This slate further confirmed that the site was the actual spot where Queen Mayadevi gave birth to Prince Siddhartha, the future Buddha.

The central canal connects the Sacred Birth Site at the South to the World Peace Stupa at the North, symbolizing a deep connection between historical heritage and a vision of peace and hope.

The ancient wisdom of the Buddha continues to manifest in the present day through actual practice, including the work of Lumbini’sresearch institutes and monasteriesin the Cultural Center and Monastic Area, whereSangha members represent manycountries and traditions.

This area is located in the center of the Lumbini Development Area. The Cultural Center includes a research center, a library, alecture hall and a museum. In the Area of International Monasteries, East and West Monastic Zones are divided by the central canal. Forty two pieces of land are allocated for monasteries of both Theravada and Mahayana traditions. Each monastery will be dedicated to studying, researching and preserving the spiritual traditions of Buddhism.

The World Center for Peace and Unity is located next to the center of the Mahayana zone, neighboring the monasteries of France, India, Germany, Vietnam, the People's Republic of China, and Canada.